## What is Bar Bending Schedule?

**Bar Bending Schedule** is a detailed list of bent reinforcement bars given in any structural concrete element. Bar Bending Schedule Contains bar mark, Diameter, length, shape, and weight.

The Bar bending is a process of cutting and bending reinforcement steel bar into Desire shape as per structural drawing was given by structural engineer for various structural elements like footing, column, beam, slab, etc.

A Bar Bending Schedule helps site engineer to estimate required quantities of the various diameter of bars used in construction. It helps the engineer to check the reinforcement work done by the contractor.

**Read Also: ****Why Steel is used in Construction**** **

## Advantages of Bar Bending Schedule in Construction.

- Provides better estimation of reinforcement used in each structural concrete member. You can also calculate the overall reinforcement required for the construction project.
- It helps engineer in the procurement of reinforcement steel and better stock management.
- Bar Bending Schedule Provides exact estimated quantity required. So, at a construction site, wastage can be controlled by careful supervising of the contractor with the help of Bar Bending Schedule.
- Bar Bending Schedule makes cutting, bending of reinforcement easy at a factory and can be directly transported to the Construction site. This will not only reduce the wastage of reinforcement steel but also help us reduce labor cost. Though, it helping in reducing the overall cost of the construction project.
- This helps site engineer or quality inspector to check and approve reinforcement work with better quality control.
- Billing can be done really fast and easy using Bar Bending Schedule. It also makes easy for clients to approve bills for Payment.

## Step by Step Preparation of Bar Bending Schedule.

First of all, download a Bar Bending Schedule excel sheet by Visiting Below Link to start with the calculation.

### Step 1. Identification of Members (Steel Bars)

Each different type of Steel bar or Member is usually tagged with a number or bar mark in the structural drawing. Now, open a structural drawing and list down all the shapes of bar you see in the structural drawing. Now mark the diameter of Member in the table.

The above image shows the number of bars like #5, #6, #9, etc, along with Día of the Bar (e.g. #5@12”)

### Step 2 Count the Number of bars

Now, Count the number of each different shapes of the bar and note down in bar bending schedule

To calculate a number of bars in big slab structure, you need to check the specific spacing between bars (center to center or c/c, its show in above fig) and the length of the concrete slab in which the bars are distributed.

**Number of Bars = **(Concrete slab length in which bar is Distributed – 2 X Cover) / (c/c spacing between bars)

For Example:

Suppose, 10 MM bars are distributed in the 10-meter-long slab at 150 mm c/c spacing, Considering the side cover of 50 mm. Then calculate the number of bars

**Number of Bars = (10000 – 2 X 50) / (150) = 66 Bars of 10 mm Día**

**Step 3: Calculate the length of Reinforcement bars**

The formula, to calculate the length of those bars.

**Length of Bar = **Length of Concrete member (direction in which bar is placed) – (2 X Cover) + Development length

#### Development Length Chart

**Step 4: Calculate the unit weight of Reinforcement Bar**

The formula for Calculating Unit weight of Bar

Unit weight of Bar = Volume of Bar X Density of Bar (7850 kg/m3)

Unit Weight of Reinforcement Bar with Día (D) = D^{2 }/ 162

**Example, 10 mm Día reinforcement bar Weight = 10 ^{2 }/162 = 0.617 kg/m.**

However, you can use the below table to check the Unit weight of different Día Bars

Diameter of Bar (mm) | Unit weight in kg/m |

8 | 0.395 |

10 | 0.617 |

12 | 0.889 |

16 | 1.580 |

20 | 2.469 |

25 | 3.858 |

32 | 6.321 |

40 | 9.877 |

**Step 5: Calculate the Weight of particular Shape of Bar**

Wight of Reinforcement Bar (Shape of Bar) = No of Bars X Length of Bars X Unit weight of Bar

This Formula gives the total Weight of specific shape Bar in Kilogram

**List of Common mistake happens during preparing of Bar Bending Schedule **

- Miscounting of the Number of reinforcement Bars.
- Calculating the length of reinforcement bar incorrectly
- Considering incorrect cover in Beam, Slab, Column, and footings.
- Incorrect counting of bends in reinforcement Bar.

**Tips for Preparing Bar Bending Schedule **

- Prepare different Bar Bending Schedule for Different RCC elements (i.e. Divide the table into different parts such as Footing, pedestal, Beam, Column, Slab, etc) to avoid mistakes.
- Always keep the unit weight of bars Handy. It helps you prepare Bar Bending Schedule.
- Keep thumb rules in mind or handy, that always helps you in cross-checking your Calculation.
- Such as,
- Approximate quantity of reinforcement steel for small structure varies from 3 to 4 Kg/Sqft of Built-up area.

- Total Volume of Reinforcement steel for the slab is roughly 1.5% to 2% of the volume of Concrete. (Volume of Steel Reinforcement can be calculated as by dividing the weight by density of steel, that is 7850 Kg/M3)

**The volume of Steel Reinforcement for Different RRC member **

RCC Member | Volume of Steel by volume of Concrete |

Slab | 1.5% – 2% |

Column | 2.5% – 3% |

Beam | 2.5% – 3% |

For Example, for 10 M3 concrete in Column, considering 2.5% of steel Volume, the column has a 0.25 M3 of steel. Calculate the total weight of steel and steel weight per M3.

Volume of Steel for 10m3 Concrete = 0.25 m3

Wight of Steel Per M3 Concrete = total Volume of steel X Density of Steel (i.e. 7850 Kg/M3)

Weight of steel for 10 M3 concrete = 0.25 X 7850 = 1962.5 Kg.

For 10 m3 Concrete, the total steel required is 1962.5 Kg.

For 1 m3 Concrete, the total Steel required is 196.25 Kg.

- Keep Close eye on Rolling Margin (weight higher than standard weight)

### How to Calculate Rolling Margin of Reinforcement Steel Bar

Cut reinforcement bar into 3 pieces, each length 1 meter

Weight Each piece differently

i.e. 10 mm Día Bar, 1^{st} one weigh 0.617, 2^{nd} one weighs 0.62, 3^{rd} one weigh 0.625

**Now Calculate the rolling margin of Reinforcement bar**

## Bar Bending Schedule Shape Code

For Small Construction Project, we generally use thumb rules for Reinforcement bar Calculation, but for Large scale construction project BBS is prepared using Bar Bending Shape Code.

Which helps to avoid unnecessary wastage. Bar bending shape code makes easier for Engineer to cut steel bar for the reinforcement as per the design.

### Bar Bending Shape Code as per BS 8666:2005

**Different types of Bar Bending Shape Code listed below**

Where **L** stands for Total Length of the reinforcement bar

### Minimum Scheduling Radius, Diameter, and Bend Allowance

**Minimum Scheduling Radius, Diameter, and Bend Allowance**

Nominal Size of Bar, dia in MM | Minimum Radius for scheduling r | The minimum diameter of Bending former | General (5d straight), including links, where bend is ≥ 150° mm | Links where bend ≤ 150° (Min 10d straight) mm |

6 | 12 | 24 | 110* | 110* |

8 | 16 | 32 | 115* | 115* |

10 | 20 | 40 | 120* | 130 |

12 | 24 | 48 | 125* | 160 |

16 | 32 | 64 | 130 | 210 |

20 | 70 | 140 | 190 | 290 |

25 | 87 | 175 | 240 | 365 |

32 | 112 | 224 | 305 | 465 |

40 | 140 | 280 | 380 | 580 |

50 | 175 | 350 | 475 | 725 |

### Bar Bending Schedule (Video Tutorial)

## What is Bar Bending Schedule?

**Bar Bending Schedule** is a detailed list of bent reinforcement bars given in any structural concrete element. Bar Bending Schedule Contains bar mark, Diameter, length, shape, and weight.